PMID Ecology 52, — Plant J. Oikos, DOI: Coevolution and the adaptive value of autumn tree colours: colour preference and growth rates of a southern beech aphid doi Tree Physiol. Why leaves are sometimes red. Nature — Physiological significance of anthocyanins during autumnal leaf senescence.
Anthocyanins in autumn leaf senescence. Why leaves turn red in autumn. The role of anthocyanins in senescing leaves of red-osier dogwood. Plant Physiol. Photosynthetic efficiency, and photodamage by UV and visible radiation, in red versus green leaf coleus varieties.
Plant Cell Physiol. A function of colour. Trends Plant Sci. Antioxidant activities of red versus green leaves in Elatostema rugosum. Plant Cell Environ. Autumn tree colours as a handicap signal. B Biol. Arthropod-Plant Interact. A test of the coevolution theory of autumn colours: colour preference of Rhopalosiphum padi on Prunus padus.
Oikos —The game is the second of a home-and-home series that began last year in Minneapolis, an 85-71 Gopher win. It is Minnesota's first road game at an SEC school since Dec.
Murphy has posted 10 double-doubles (highest in the country) thus far this season, and the three-time Big Ten Player of the Week became the first Gopher to win the award in back-to-back weeks. Murphy is also just the second Gopher to win it three times in the same season. He is additionally leads the country in offensive rebounds (5. He needs just six more to tie Joel Przybilla for the most by any Gopher in two or fewer seasons of play in the Maroon and Gold (165).
Last season, the Gophers dropped a 75-74 overtime decision versus the Spartans, and had previously lost conference-opening tilts at Ohio State, at Purdue during 2014-15, and at home versus Michigan.Luka Chuppi: Duniyaa Video Song - Kartik Aaryan Kriti Sanon - Akhil - Dhvani B - Abhijit V Kunaal V
Since 1980-81, the Gophers are 12-20 in Big Ten openers (excluding vacated seasons). Pitino is one of five active Division I head coaches who have reached the 100 career victory mark in their sixth season or sooner. The Razorbacks' two losses came vs. North Carolina (87-68) in the PK80 Invitational in Portland, and at Houston (91-65) a week ago.
Games that were later vacated are excluded from that list.
Šī tīmekļa vietne izmanto sīkfailus
James Sharman and Craig Forrest talk about the pressure building for Toronto FC ahead of their rematch against the Seattle Sounders in the MLS Cup. Seattle Sounders: Who has the advantage in MLS Cup. Here is a detailed breakdown of each position ahead of the game. James Sharman joined Sportsnet 590 The FAN to look ahead to the MLS Cup final between Toronto FC and the Seattle Sounders and discuss how the weather will affect the game, what we can expect from TFC early on, and the importance of Sebastian Giovinco playing to his full potential.
Originally aired December 08 2017 Your browser does not support the audio element. Partnership of forwards could lead to success for Seattle in MLS Cup Seattle Sounders coach Brian Schmetzer and Toronto FC coach Greg Vanney discuss how hard goals can be to come by and how they will tackle that in the final. Zavaleta: Time in Seattle set me up for success with TFC A key starter for Toronto FC over the past two seasons, Eriq Zavaleta admits he learned how to be a winner with the Sounders before being traded to the Reds, and that his brief time in Seattle led to his success with TFC.The trend toward learning outside the halls of academe will continue.
More spirit, less religion. The Pew Center reports that the fastest growing religion is no religion. But people will continue to want a source of inspiration and comfort beyond the quotidian. So not-deistic spiritual practices, for example, Buddhism and the related yoga, martial arts, and meditation should flourish.
In light of these predictions, is there anything you want to consider as you're doing strategic planning at work or even in your personal life. Marty I like these predictions but I think you're being a little too optimistic for the NEAR future. There will be civil unrest and things will get worse before they get better, especially with both the right and left wing being unable to get their heads out of their own asses.
Thank you for drawing attention to the fact that "women's empowerment efforts are often creating antipathy toward men". It is an important factor in society and personal relationships of which most people seem to be unaware, in particular, those who stand to be most adversely affected - men. Marty Nemko is a career and personal coach based in Oakland, California, and the author of 7 books. Psychology Today Psychology Today Home Find Counselling Find Find Counselling Find a Psychiatrist Find a Support Group Find a Treatment Centre Professionals Counsellor Login Counsellor Signup Addiction Aging Animal Behavior Anxiety Autism Behavioral Economics Child Development Cognition Creativity Depression Diet Eating Disorders Education Environment Ethics and Morality Evolutionary Psychology Gender Happiness Health Integrative Medicine Intelligence Law and Crime Media Memory Neuroscience Parenting Personal Perspectives Personality Philosophy Politics Procrastination Psych Careers Psychiatry Race and Ethnicity Relationships Resilience Self-Help Sex Sleep Social Life Spirituality Sport and Competition Stress Therapy Work Mental Health Addiction ADHD Anxiety Asperger's Autism Bipolar Disorder Chronic Pain Depression Eating Disorders Insomnia OCD Schizophrenia Personality Passive Aggression Personality Shyness Personal Growth Goal Setting Happiness Positive Psychology Stopping Smoking Relationships Low Sexual Desire Relationships Sex Emotion Management Anger Procrastination Stress Family Life Adolescence Child Development Elder Care Parenting Recently Diagnosed.
Diagnosis Dictionary Types of Therapy Talk To Someone Find A Therapist The Comparison Trap Social comparison is a core element of human nature.
Šī tīmekļa vietne izmanto sīkfailus
It can make us feel lacklusterespecially in the age of social media. Subscribe Issue Archive Give a Gift Customer Service Experts by Topic Public Speakers Media Interviews All Experts Search form Search Find Counselling Counsellors: Get Listed on Psychology Today Marty Nemko Ph.
How To Do Life Long-term trends that people involved in strategic planning should consider. Adverse effects of women's empowerment in society Submitted by Ziggy on November 15, 2017 - 4:34am Thank you for drawing attention to the fact that "women's empowerment efforts are often creating antipathy toward men".
Post Comment Your name E-mail The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly. In Print: The Best of Marty Nemko: The best of his 3,000 articles on career, living, and making a difference. Online: You are reading How To Do Life Potent, Under-the-Radar Volunteer Opportunities And how to convert one into a paying job. Taking Stock at Year-End An in-depth self-appraisal can jumpstart your 2018 action plan. The Power of Looks A short-short story. See More Posts advertisementgoogletag.Decimal Odds (Also known as European) Common around the world but especially in Europe.
Standard on betting exchanges such as Betfair. Convey the total amount you will receive if you win, including the return of your stake. Moneyline Odds (Also known as American) Used by most US bookmakers. Betting Calculators and Guides Odds ConverterEach Way CalculatorBack Lay CalculatorBetting TermsTic-Tac GuideCompare Free Bets at BonusBetting Contact - LinksYou can also convert odds in a small pop-up window for easy browsing.
We'll have things fixed soon. Who's Stopping Me 4. Pull Up N Wreck 5. Even The Odds 8. Bet now at Twinspires. Learn how to bet on the Derby, get tips from our experts, and place a bet on the Kentucky Derby contenders now with TwinSpires.
Fulfillment by Amazon (FBA) is a service we offer sellers that lets them store their products in Amazon's fulfillment centers, and we directly pack, ship, and provide customer service for these products. Something we hope you'll especially enjoy: FBA items qualify for FREE Shipping and Amazon Prime. If you're a seller, Fulfillment by Amazon can help you increase your sales. We invite you to learn more about Fulfillment by Amazon. In The Odds, Chad Millman follows three professional gamblers through a year of college basketball, where meticulous research, betting discipline, and instinct clash with addiction, and no one relaxes until they've lost it all.
The idea behind the betting line is to lure bets (hopefully, losing ones) and make a profit for his casino from the action, but more importantly to stay ahead of those who pounce on a weak line like hungry wolves. Millman provides the answer to what makes these wiseguys tick: "While the casual bettor weighs common sense and financial realities with every bet, the wiseguy pushes those aside. While you won't learn how to get rich off the next office pool, you will get an inside look at those who make or lose money on some kid's buzzer-beater or a garbage-time lay-up.
To some, sports betting is good clean fun it adds spice to the game to put a little down on your alma mater. Here, sports reporter Chad Millman goes to Las Vegas, the legal gambling mecca threatened by recent legislation and offshore Internet betting sites, and follows the men who make the odds and those who try to beat them. This is not a Reefer Madness-style expos designed to scare gamblers straight, but its depiction of the lives of a young bookmaker, a big player, and a rookie gambling professional still might make bettors consider dialing 1-800-BETS-OFF.
Recommended for larger public libraries. Jim Burns, Ottumwa P. Sponsored Products are advertisements for products sold by merchants on Amazon. When you click on a Sponsored Product ad, you will be taken to an Amazon detail page where you can learn more about the product and purchase it.
To learn more about Amazon Sponsored Products, click here. The item is complete, unmarked, and undamaged, but may show some limited signs of wear. Pages are intact and not marred by notes or highlighting.
The spine is undamaged.Below we will give some basic notions of the aspects that we believe that must be taken into account when choosing a good tipster. Before this, you have to answer some questions: what kind of tipster do I need. What kind of tipster do I want. Which is best suited to my needs and my life. The first thing you should think is what type of player you are, what your account situation is, how much bank you have and what is your availability to bet.
You should follow tipsters who send most picks at an hour that is accessible to you and whose liquidity allows you to pick up the bets at a suggested odd. Remember that a drop of 10 cents in odds around 2. Once you have selected those that fit your schedule, be picky about the yield but above all with the number of picks and, the bigger the markets, the more so.
It's unlikely, but he may have done it perfectly. It does not mean that he has had it, but he may have had it, we cannot statistically conclude that he is a winner. If he also give his picks live, better for you, since, as we said before, the accounts will last much longer and you can bet more, and have more bookies available to bet the picks. Usually, there are markets that limit more slowly, so a good practice is to combine small and liquid market tipsters to lengthen the life of the accounts.
The ones that will make you win more money are small markets tipsters, but the liquid markets tipsters in addition to making you win by themselves, will help you to stay more time winning with the first. Another topic to keep in mind is the regularity of the results over time. A good statistic to see is the drawdown. There are more regular and stable tipsters than others. The problem of bad streaks is that it is difficult to separate them between chance and poor selection, and usually bring mistrust in the figure of the tipster.
The player usually leaves after the loss, and when he leaves the tipster recovers it without the player's bank having a chance to raise again. Another topic to take into account is the number of picks per month that has a tipster, there is no clear theory, but maybe the ideal is a tipster that moves between 40-80 tips in large markets and between 50 and 200 in small markets.
Few picks make it harder to amortize the subscription and there is more volatility of results month to month, caused by chance. Too many picks raises the suspicion of whether a bookie can have so many misfits within a month.
Lastly, we have to quote the qualitative analysis of the picks that sends the tipster. There are players who go beyond quantitative criteria such as those previously discussed. They like to look at the argument of the picks that sends a tipster and according to that gives more or less credibility. It is a practice that we do not recommend, because you have to have a great knowledge of betting and about the sport to be able to doubt of an argument of this kind.
In addition, it will always be that, opinion. The numbers are cold and roughly support the arguments of each of the picks in a sample. In short, we could say that you must select those tipsters that suit your circumstances.
The yield is of course one of the most important statistics to look at from a tipster, but perhaps it is overrated, since that yield is calculated taking into account the original odds. However, there are different factors why users sometimes bet something below that odds. This is the reason why the actual yield of the customer is sometimes below the official. In addition, other factors must be taken into account, such as if is easy to do his bets, liquidity, variance in the results (can be measured with drawdown), type of market in which he is betting, limitations, etc.
You can guide yourself with it if you want to compare two tipsters that you like.Below is a table of the transformation from probability to odds and we have also plotted for the range of p less than or equal to. Again this is a monotonic transformation. That is to say, the greater the odds, the greater the log of odds and vice versa. The table below shows the relationship among the probability, odds and log of odds. We have also shown the plot of log odds against odds.
One reason is that it is usually difficult to model a variable which has restricted range, such as probability. This transformation is an attempt to get around the restricted range problem. It maps probability ranging between 0 and 1 to log odds ranging from negative infinity to positive infinity. Another reason is that among all of the infinitely many choices of transformation, the log of odds is one of the easiest to understand and interpret.
This transformation is called logit transformation. The other common choice is the probit transformation, which will not be covered here. A logistic regression model allows us to establish a relationship between a binary outcome variable and a group of predictor variables. It models the logit-transformed probability as a linear relationship with the predictor variables. We are now ready for a few examples of logistic regressions.
The data set has 200 observations and the outcome variable used will be hon, indicating if a student is in an honors class or not. We will purposely ignore all the significance tests and focus on the meaning of the regression coefficients. The output on this page was created using Stata with some editing. What is p here. In other words, the intercept from the model with no predictor variables is the estimated log odds of being in honors class for the whole population of interest.
Writing it in an equation, the model describes the following linear relationship. Now we can relate the odds for males and females and the output from the logistic regression. The intercept of -1. Using the odds we calculated above for males, we can confirm this: log(.
The coefficient for female is the log of odds ratio between the female group and male group: log(1. So we can get the odds ratio by exponentiating the coefficient for female. Most statistical packages display both the raw regression coefficients and the exponentiated coefficients for logistic regression models. The table below is created by Stata. In other words, the odds of being in an honors class when the math score is zero is exp(-9.
These odds are very low, but if we look at the distribution of the variable math, we will see that no one in the sample has math score lower than 30. In fact, all the test scores in the data set were standardized around mean of 50 and standard deviation of 10. So the intercept in this model corresponds to the log odds of being in an honors class when math is at the hypothetical value of zero. How do we interpret the coefficient for math.Media can be very effective in keeping kids calm and quiet, but it should not be the only way they learn to calm down.
Children need to be taught how to identify and handle strong emotions, come up with activities to manage boredom, or calm down through breathing, talking about ways to solve the problem, and finding other strategies for channeling emotions. More than 80,000 apps are labeled as educational, but little research has demonstrated their actual quality. Products pitched as "interactive" should require more than "pushing and swiping.
It's OK for your teen to be online. Online relationships are part of typical adolescent development. Social media can support teens as they explore and discover more about themselves and their place in the grown-up world. Just be sure your teen is behaving appropriately in both the real and online worlds. Many teens need to be reminded that a platform's privacy settings do not make things actually "private" and that images, thoughts, and behaviors teens share online will instantly become a part of their digital footprint indefinitely.
Keep lines of communication open and let them know you're there if they have questions or concerns. Warn children about the importance of privacy and the dangers of predators and sexting. Teens need to know that once content is shared with others, they will not be able to delete or remove it completely, and includes texting of inappropriate pictures.
They may also not know about or choose not to use privacy settings, and they need to be warned that sex offenders often use social networking, chat rooms, e-mail, and online gaming to contact and exploit children. Remember: Kids will be kids. Kids will make mistakes using media. Try to handle errors with empathy and turn a mistake into a teachable moment. But some indiscretions, such as sexting, bullying, or posting self-harm images, may be a red flag that hints at trouble ahead.
Parents must observe carefully their children's behaviors and, if needed, enlist supportive professional help, including the family pediatrician.
Media and digital devices are an integral part of our world today. The benefits of these devices, if used moderately and appropriately, can be great. But, research has shown that face-to-face time with family, friends, and teachers plays a pivotal and even more important role in promoting children's learning and healthy development. Keep the face-to-face up front, and don't let it get lost behind a stream of media and tech. Editor's Note: The tips above were written from two AAP policies, "Media Use in School-Aged Children and Adolescents" and "Media and Young Minds," and the technical report entitled "Children and Adolescents and Digital Media," which were published in the November 2016 edition of Pediatrics.
They were also drawn from the proceedings of the AAP Sponsored Growing Up Digital: Media Research Symposium, a gathering of media experts, researchers and pediatricians held in 2015 to address new developments in research and media and their impact on children. Tips AAP to Help Families Manage the Ever Changing Digital Landscape:Make your own family media use plan.
Additional Information from HealthyChildren. There may be variations in treatment that your pediatrician may recommend based on individual facts and circumstances. When reviewing business headlines and news stories it can be difficult to decide which topic is mentioned more often -- data analytics or social media. This can be even more frustrating if you, as an entrepreneur, are trying to decide where to focus your limited time, money, and energy to help give your business an edge.
Making adoption of social media strategies even more difficult is the fact that this field changes so rapidly. Many of the negative reactions to social media are usually based on an understanding of social media that is limited to snarky Tweets, sharing funny cat videos, and using different filters on Snapchat.
This understanding, however, provides only an incomplete view of what social media can do for you and your business. As I am sure you have seen, however, there are many different types of social media you could use for your business.
It is also important to recognize that while most social media tools are free to use, there are certain products and services that provide a base level of services for free, but charge for more sophisticated services.
Fortunately there are some common sense, and budget friendly, things you can do to increase the impact of your social media bucks. For example, if you own a bakery, work in retail, or own a floral business on the side, Pinterest might be the best way to showcase your business. Focusing on showcasing your business in the best possible light always makes sense, and is no different for social media utilization. Both platforms, especially Facebook, have incredibly large platforms that can boost the reach of your business without costing you an arm and a leg.
After you have selected your social media platform of choice, it is important to put together a plan (even a simple plan) on how often you will update, post, or otherwise engage on social media. Chambers of commerce, small business development centers, and other local resources are just a few of the groups that you should be sure to engage with, and they are always happy to hear from interested parties.